Oxygen Therapy in Pulmonary Vascular Disease: A Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and Comment e1
Manuel Schuster, Julian Müller, Esther I. Schwarz, Stéphanie Saxer, Simon R. Schneider, Silvia Ulrich, and Mona Lichtblau
Main pulmonary vascular diseases (PVD) with precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) are pulmonary arterial and chronic thromboembolic PH. Guidelines recommend supplemental oxygen therapy (SOT) for severely hypoxemic patients with PH, but evidence is scarce. The authors performed a systematic review and where possible meta-analyses on the effects of SOT on hemodynamics and exercise performance in patients with PVD. In PVD, short-term SOT significantly improved mean pulmonary artery pressure and exercise performance. There is growing evidence on the benefit of long-term SOT for selected patients with PVD regarding exercise capacity and maybe even survival.